Hypothesis Testing — p-value, z-test and t-test

A claim is assumed valid

if its counterclaim is highly implausible

In mathematics there are many techniques for proving your statement to be true. These proofs could actually help in making inferences or decision making as well. Poof by induction, Proof by contradiction or statistical proofs are valued. One such technique of making statistical inferences is Hypothesis testing.

Hypothesis testing is a way for you to test the results of a survey/experiment…